This year's Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to an American and two Japanese physicists for their work in subatomic physics. Their discovery, called spontaneous broken symmetry, is a mechanism that predicts the existence of three families of quarks. "Spontaneous broken symmetry conceals nature's order under an apparently jumbled surface. It has proved to be extremely useful, and Nambu's theories permeate the Standard Model of elementary particle physics," said the Royal Swedish Academy of Science.
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